Biologically Based Therapies

Alexandrovich I, et al: The effect of fennel (foeniculum vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Altern Ther Health Med 9: 58-61, 2003.

Brinckmann J, et al: Safety and efficacy of a traditional herbal medicine (Throat Coat) in symptomatic temporary relief of pain in patients with acute pharyngitis: a multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. J Altern Complement Med 9: 285-298, 2003.

Cohen HA, et al: Effectiveness of an herbal preparation containing Echinacea, Propolis, and vitamin C in preventing respiratory tract infections in children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158: 217-221, 2004.

De Smet P: Herbal Remedies. N Engl J Med 347: 2046-2056, 2002.

Ernst E, Pittler MH: Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Br J Anaesth 84: 367-371, 2000.

Gardiner P: Dietary supplement use in children: concerns of efficacy and safety. Am Fam Physician 71:1068, 1071, 2005.

Gardiner P, et al: Herbs and adolescent girls: avoiding the hazards of self-treatment. Contemp Pediatr, March 2000.

Gardiner P, et al: The skinny on herbal remedies for dermatologic disorders. Contemp Pediatr 18: 103-1112, 2001.

Gardiner P, et al: What’s the buzz? Herbal stimulants in pediatrics. Contemp Pediatr 20: 63-68, 2003.

Gardiner P, et al: Supplement use growing among children and adolescents. Pediatr Rev 33: 227-232, 2004.

Gardiner P, Kemper KJ: Herbs and pediatric adolescent medicine. Pediatr Rev 21: 44-57, 2000.

Gardiner P, Kemper KJ: Insomnia: herbal and dietary alternatives to counting sheep. Contemp Pediatr 19: 67-87, 2002.

Ghayur MN, Gilan AH: Pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of ginger in gastrointestinal disorders. Dig Dis Sci 50: 1889-1897, 2005.

Gilroy CM, et al: Echinacea and truth in labeling. Arch Intern Med 163: 699-704, 2003.

Gupta M, et al: Add-on melatonin improves sleep behavior in children with epilepsy: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Child Neurol 20: 112-115, 2005.

Hrastinger A, et al: Is there clinical evidence supporting the use of botanical dietary supplements in children? J Pediatr 146: 311-317, 2005.

Kemper KJ: Seven herbs every pediatrician should know. Contemp Pediatr, December 1996.

Klein JD, et al: Adolescents’ knowledge of and beliefs about herbs and dietary supplements: a qualitative study. J Adolesc Health 37: 409, 2005.

Kline RM, et al: Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children. J Pediatr 138: 125-128, 2001.

Lanski SL, et al: Herbal therapy use in a pediatric emergency department population: expect the unexpected. Pediatrics 111: 981-985, 2003.

Noonan K, et al: Herbal medication use in the pediatric surgical patient. J Pediatr Surg 39: 500-503, 2004.

Mack RB: “Something wicked this way comes” – herbs even witches should avoid. Contemp Pediatr, June 1998.

Marlier L, et al: Olfactory stimulation prevents apnea in premature newborns. Pediatrics 115: 83-88, 2005.

Potthman R, Danesch U: Migraine prevention in children and adolescents: results of an open study with a special butterbur root extract. Headache 45: 196-203, 2005.

Samarkandi A, et al: Melatonin vs. midazolam premedication in children: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur J Anaesthesiol 22: 189-196, 2005.

Saper RB, et al: Heavy metal content of ayurvedic herbal medicine products. JAMA 292: 2868-2873, 2004.

Sarrell EM, et al: Efficacy of naturopathic extracts in the management of ear pain associated with acute otitis media. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155: 796-799, 2001.

Sarrell EM, et al: Naturopathic treatment for ear pain in children. Pediatrics 111: e574, 2003.

Savino F, et al: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a standardized extract of Matricariae recutita, Foeniculum vulgare and Melissa officinalis (ColiMil) in the treatment of breastfed colicky infants. Phytother Res 19: 335-340, 2005.

Sengupta S, et al: Modulating angiogenesis: the yin and the yang in ginseng. Circulation 110: 1219-1225, 2004.

Spasov AA, et al: Comparative controlled study of Andrographis paniculata fixed combination, Kan Jang and an Echinacea preparation as an adjuvant, in the treatment of uncomplicated respiratory disease in children. Phytother Res 18: 47-53, 2004.

Taylor JA, et al: Efficacy and safety of Echinacea in treating upper respiratory tract infections in children. JAMA 290: 2824-2830, 2003.

Weizman Z, et al: Efficacy of herbal tea preparation in infantile colic. J Pediatr 122: 650-652, 1993.

Wustrow TP: Alternative versus conventional treatment strategy in uncomplicated acute otitis media in children: a prospective, open, controlled parallel-group comparison. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42: 110-119, 2004.

Zakay-Rones Z, et al: Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. J Int Med Res 32: 132-140, 2004.

Kemper K, et al: Herbs and other dietary supplements: healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Altern Ther Health Med 9: 42-49, 2003.

Charrois TL, et al: Peppermint oil. Pediatr Rev 27: e49-51, 2006.